We’ve all heard of memory techniques like split repetition and practice retrieval, but what else is there? In fact, neuroscientists have discovered some great things about how memory works, and as always, we are here to share their research with you. Here are five ways to improve your memory based on recent findings:
- Get the “practical explanation” of the information.
If you know why you want to learn something, and you can consider using the information for that purpose, it will be much easier not only to read it but also to remember it where you need it. The “practical explanation” of the information may be based on the work done and have a discussion at the dinner party. If you can think of a place where you plan to use it, you will remember it better if you are in that context because you have given your mind to think about it at that moment.
“The inclusion of memory representation (encoded) is largely determined by the definition of the perceived function of the object, and this also determines which recovery indicators will be most effective in retrieving memory,” say researchers at Oregon University and Arizona State University.
- Align return and return indicators.
“Forgetting is primarily the result of a change in the context of the purchase and the context of the return,” writes neuroscientist John H. Byrne in his study book Learning and Memory.
When you think about it, a lot of unusual conversations depend on how good your retrieval references are: If a friend shares a story on a particular topic, and you want to retaliate with your own, you should be able to draw relevant information from long-term memory based on the clues your friend provided. But that only happens if you insert memory in a way that meets the current context. It’s like remembering the facts, as you may have heard of “government-dependent education.”
- Put things together before you read them.
Visual and auditory studies show that working memory depends on coordination between three regions of the brain: the prefrontal cortex, the frontal lobe, and the lateral interparietal lobe. When we have more than four or five visual cues to pay attention to, the feedback loop between these regions begins to deteriorate. Why, exactly?
Neuroscientists believe that the brain relies heavily on something called “guessing” in order to function normally. In this case, when the frontal cortex reaches its full stage of “modeling,” or predicting, what information it will receive from the other two regions, the working memory stops… working properly.
“When the number of objects inserted into the working memory is too high, the estimated value of those objects cannot be easily inserted into the response signal. As a result, the response is unsuccessful and the overworked memory declines. ”
Karl Friston, a neuroscientist at University College London, explains: “As you read this sentence, you will come to expect every word, sentence and phrase. Having a presentation or expectations about the current sentence means you have a clear representation of the past and the future. ”
Spending time thinking about the kind of information you encounter every day can help you save a lot by setting speculative categories to go into.
- Pretend you’ll forget it.
Many of us go under the false notion that we will remember new details because we have experienced them. Being close to the truth would be tantamount to thinking that we will forget it.
Researchers have found that dopamine is involved not only in memory but also in memory. In fact, some neuroscientists now believe that forgetting can be a natural function of our brain when it comes to processing new information.
When we discover new information, we create an engram (a trail of memory) that begins to deteriorate rapidly without strengthening our memory.
This is necessary for mental health, but it also means that we need to pay close attention to the details we want to stick to, and work to remember it.
- Brain-Get rid of your worries before reading.
Studies have shown that people who are unable to mute their Default Mode Network have higher working memory capacity. The Default Mode Network is associated with mental wandering, especially with one’s “self-report”. It makes sense: when we encounter divisions, for example, we often cannot think of the work we already have; and if we can, the unpleasant experience is in the back of our heads, taking up space for understanding that would otherwise be free to learn new things. DMN is like a net behind your brain that holds this information and does not allow it to extend to long-term memory.
One way to do this is to write something down each morning to clear your head. Or, if you prefer to talk about it, do a brain dump with your friend. In any case, be aware of the fact that your anxiety and dreams may be taking up space in your brain whether you are feeling overwhelmed or not.
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